Biodiversity makes up the structure of the ecosystems and habitats that support essential living resources, including wildlife, fisheries and forests, and it composes ecosystems that maintain oxygen in the air, enrich the soil, purify the water, protect against flood and storm damage and regulate climate. And it is increasingly threatened by destructive human activities.

Linkages between trade policy and the conservation or loss of biological resources proliferate in an increasingly global marketplace. International trade policies have a significant impact on the earth’s biodiversity and biological resources. They can undermine national and international conservation laws and policies. Trade liberalization can also increase exploitation of natural resources and exacerbate the associated negative impacts on biodiversity.

CIEL seeks to reform trade rules so that they support rather than impede conservation and sustainable use. We also seek to ensure that trade liberalization is paralleled and balanced by stronger frameworks for conservation and sustainable use of biological resources affected by trade.


Campaign Update

CBD Request to WIPO on the Interrelation of Access to Genetic Resources and Disclosure Requirements: Establishing an adequate framework for a WIPO Response (South Centre/CIEL) (Fall 2004)

In October 2004, the Assemblies of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) decided to respond positively to the invitation of the Convention on Biological...

Campaign Update

CITES and The Precautionary Principle: The Burden to Show that a Use is Sustainable (Humane Society of the United States, 1995) (Wold) [BW95-1]

Logging, illegal logging, unsustainable logging, timber, timber regulation, palm oil, illegal timber, biodiversity, ecosystems, habitats, living resources, wildlife, fisheries, forests, conservation, species, endangered species,...