development finance

World Bank Safeguard Review

For communities around the world whose lives have become worse, not better, from the World Bank’s more than $52 billion in annual lending, the...

Safeguarding Forests & Rights Related to REDD+

REDD stands for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation. The “+” expands REDD to include conservation, sustainable forest management, and enhancement of forest...
global climate action

Global Climate Action at the UNFCCC

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is the basic international legal instrument for channeling international cooperation to achieve stabilization of greenhouse...

Financial Intermediaries

Close to half of the lending portfolio of the World Bank’s private financing arm, the International Finance Corporation (IFC), is in other financial institutions,...

Green Climate Fund

At the UN climate negotiations in 2010, governments created the Green Climate Fund (GCF), a public institution to channel the billions of dollars needed...

Clean Development Mechanism

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was created under the Kyoto Protocol as a sort of international currency meant to stimulate sustainable development while simultaneously...
fossil fuels

Carbon Majors

By leveraging new tools and research, including pioneering work by Rick Heede that traces the bulk of industrial greenhouse emissions since 1850 to a...